Federal Indian Boarding School Initiative
On June 22, 2021, the 54th Secretary of the Interior, Deb Haaland, announced the
Federal Indian Boarding School Initiative, directing the Department of the Interior
(Department) by Secretarial Memorandum, to undertake an investigation of the loss of
human life and lasting consequences of the Federal Indian boarding school system.
9 For
nearly two centuries, the Federal Government was responsible for operating or overseeing
Indian boarding schools across the United States and its territories. Today, the Department
is therefore uniquely positioned to assist in the effort to recover the histories of these

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